Cardiology Rehabilitation – IRCCS San Raffaele

Cardiology Rehabilitation, accredited with the National Health System, is “the sum total of interventions required to ensure the best physical, psychological and social conditions so that patients with chronic or post-acute heart disease can retain or resume their role in society.” By combining the prescription of physical activity with the modification of the patients’ risk profile, this type of rehabilitation ultimately aims to promote clinical stability, reduce the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events and disabilities resulting from heart disease.

What are the effects of cardiology rehabilitation

The favorable effects of Cardiology Rehabilitation and Prevention include:

  • Reduction in mortality, especially sudden death in the first year after myocardial infarction
  • Improved exercise tolerance, angina and decompensation symptoms
  • Improved cardiovascular risk profile
  • Improved quality of life
  • More frequent return to work
  • Increased functional autonomy with reduced dependence and disability

Rehabilitation programs

Rehabilitation programs are based on the following points:

  • Global cardiovascular risk estimation by assessment and clinical examination;
  • Identification of goals to be achieved, for each risk factor;
  • Preparation of an individual treatment program including:
    (a) Optimization of therapy, to reduce the risk of further disease;
    (b) Lifestyle change (smoking abolition, appropriate diet, control of body weight, anxiety state and depression), to be achieved mainly through educational programs;
    (c) The prescription of physical activity;

To carry out this activity requires the synergy of several professionals who collaborate daily alongside the cardiology specialists: the competent professional nurse, the rehabilitation therapist, the psychologist, and the dietician.

The Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Failure specializes in the rehabilitation of patients recovering from heart surgery or an acute cardiac episode (such as, for example, myocardial infarction).

Along with pharmacological treatment, which is always necessary in any case, rehabilitative treatment aims to return the patient to an affective, working, and social living condition that is as normal as possible, compatible with his or her impairment. The key elements on which the cardiologist and his team are called to work are, therefore, actual therapeutic aspects, but also careful assistance with reintegration into work and constant psychological support not limited to the patient alone but extended to family members as well.

Strutture