Dermatology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with diseases of the skin and skin adnexa (hair, hair, nails, and sweat glands), and a dermatologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and cancers of these structures. Therefore, dermatology includes both medical and surgical aspects.

Suitable for

The diseases of interest to the dermatologist are numerous. They can be:

  • Infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
  • Bullous diseases
  • Dermatitis (atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, etc.)
  • Eczemas
  • Mycosis
  • Viral infections (warts, etc.).
  • Bacterial infections (impetigo, etc.).
  • Erythema
  • Hives
  • Vitiligo and other pigmentation disorders
  • Papulosquamous disorders(psoriasis, etc.).
  • Benign cutaneous tumors of non-melanocytic origin
  • Malignant melanocytic skin tumors (melanoma)
  • Cutaneous lymphomas
  • Disorders of the skin adnexa

The dermatologist is by your side from diagnosis, to prescription of treatment, and throughout the intervening period until the condition is resolved. Although some conditions do not have total resolution, such as in the case of autoimmune or cancerous conditions, the dermatologist will follow you all the way through the necessary process.

In any case, an important role at this stage turns out to be that of the patient whose cooperation is of paramount importance for synergistic work with enhanced results. Trust and empathy are prerequisites without which the conclusion of the journey that began with the first visit will not be achieved.

See a dermatologist whenever symptomatic manifestations appear or that may lead back to a pathology of the skin and adnexa.

The dermatologist can help you make a diagnosis and can help you determine the right and appropriate treatment. This process is exclusively subjective and varies from patient to patient and from pathology to pathology.

Periodic self-exploration of our skin is advisable to observe recently appeared lesions or lesions that are already present on our skin but have changed over a not-so-long period of time to be referred to the dermatologist as soon as possible. Early diagnosis sometimes saves lives!

Very often the subject first turns to the pharmacist from whom he or she asks for a presumed diagnosis and treatment, which in most cases turns out to be incorrect. Only at a later time does he turn to the dermatologist when the situation has worsened or altered due to the same erroneous therapy. All this makes the dermatologist play a difficult role especially in diagnosis and consequently in treatment.

Visits and Examinations

Dermatology encompasses many aspects, both medical and surgical:

  • Clinical evaluation with cold light
  • Clinical evaluation with wood light
  • Dermatologic evaluation in epiluminiscence
  • Cryotherapy treatment with liquid nitrogen or carbonic snow
  • Diathermocoagulation treatment with electric scalpel
  • Surgical treatment of benign skin lesions
  • Surgical treatment of skin tumors
  • Cosmetic dermatology treatments for curative purposes (peels for acne or hyperpigmentation and botulinum toxin for hyperhidrosis)
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Carboxytherapy

Although some pathologies exclusively affect the skin, many others are the manifestation of pathologies of other organs that are revealed on the skin.

Consequently, not only should the dermatologist have training that includes rheumatology, neurology, endocrinology, infectious disease, immunology, and not least psychology, he or she may require the collaboration of these specialists for better resolution of the diagnostic question.

Among the tests that the dermatologist may require for the complete evaluation of the clinical case are laboratory tests and imaging tests.

Medici Responsabili

Responsabile di St. Raphael Terms
Responsabile di IRCCS San Raffaele


Medici specialisti