Pulmonology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of major emerging respiratory diseases.

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For some complex pathological aspects and pictures, special “Diagnostic-Therapeutic Pathways” have been developed through which diagnostic and outpatient activities are coordinated and finalized.

Pathways currently developed include:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Lung neoplasms
  • Pulmonary interstitial disease
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Acute and chronic respiratory failure
  • Sleep apnea syndrome

The outpatient clinic includes the use of the most modern equipment for the diagnosis of the above-mentioned diseases.

Major respiratory diseases recognize cigarette smoking as the most responsible etiological factor.
Smoking is considered the leading cause of chronic bronchitis, is related to cerebrovascular disease (especially myocardial infarction) and is the cause of nearly 2 million cancer deaths in developed countries.
The strong relationship between duration of habit and lung cancer risk and the 20-40 year latency between exposure and maximum harmful effects represent the central elements of smoking carcinogenesis.
It is important to remember that smoking exerts a significant unfavorable effect on other chronic diseases such as asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (BCO), osteoporosis, hypertension, duodenal ulcer, periodontopathies, and skin aging.

Chronic Obstructive BronchoPneumopathy (BCO)

COPD in particular is a progressive lung disease that is not completely reversible.
COPD obstructs the airways, making breathing difficult. Patients with COPD, including those with chronic bronchitis and emphysema, show symptoms ranging from cough and sputum to shortness of breath during even modest exertion, (even walking). The most important risk factor in COPD is cigarette smoking both active and passive, but also pipe, cigar, and other types of tobacco smoking.
Air pollution also adds to the amount of particles inhaled from the lungs, further impacting COPD triggers.

How is COPD treated?

An effective treatment program includes four components of care:

  • Disease ascertainment and monitoring
  • Reduction of risk factors
  • Treating COPD in the stable phase through pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions
    Treat acute exacerbations.

Medici Responsabili

Responsabile di St. Raphael Sulmona
Responsabile di St. Raphael Terms


Medici specialisti

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